Predictive Modeling Applications in Actuarial Science
 Volume 1
 Introduction
 Predictive Modeling Foundations
 Predictive Modeling Methods
 Bayesian and Mixed Modeling
 Longitudinal Modeling
 Volume 2
 Generalized Linear Model
 Extensions of the Generalized Linear Model
 Unsupervised Predictive Modeling Methods

Applications on Current Problems in Actuarial Science
 Chapter 8  The Predictive Distribution of Loss Reserve Estimates over a Finite Time Horizon
 Chapter 9  Finite Mixture Model and Workersâ€™ Compensation LargeLoss Regression Analysis
 Chapter 10  A Framework for Managing Claim Escalation Using Predictive Modeling
 Chapter 11  Predictive Modeling for UsageBased Auto Insurance
Chapter 11  Spatial Modeling
Authors
Eike Brechmann  Technische Universität München
brechmann@ma.tum.de
Claudia Czada  Technische Universität München
cczado@ma.tum.de
Chapter Preview
This chapter presents statistical models that can handle spatial dependence among variables. Spatial dependence refers to the phenomenon that variables observed in areas close to each other are often related. Ignoring data heterogeneity due to such spatial dependence patterns may cause overdispersion and erroneous conclusions. In an actuarial context, spatial information is important to take into account in many cases such as in the insurance of buildings threatened by natural catastrophes, in health insurance, where diseases affect specific regions, and also in car insurance, as we discuss in an application.
In particular, we describe the most common spatial autoregressive models and show how to build a joint model for claim severity and claim frequency of individual policies based on generalized linear models with underlying spatial dependence. The results show the importance of explicitly considering spatial information in the rate making methodology.